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Overview of ASEAN

About ASEAN (as of 2019) [Source: MOFA]

asean
  • Official name
    Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • Member states (10)
    Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Viet Nam
  • Background
    With the need for joint response to rapid changes in the global world, such as the outbreak of Vietnam War and the communist expansion in Indochina, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on August 8, 1967, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
  • Overview of ASEAN
    • Population:660 million
    • Area: 4.48 million km2
    • GDP : USD 3,173 trillion
    • Trade Volume : USD 3,560 trillion (export: USD 1,849 trillion; import: USD 1,711 trillion)

    ※ Source: Population, area, CDP, trade volume (World Bank, IMF)
  • ASEAN flag
    The ASEAN emblem represents a stable, peaceful, united and dynamic ASEAN. The colors of the flag—blue, red, white and yellow—represent the main colors of the flags of all the ASEAN Member States. The blue represents peace and stability. Red depicts courage and dynamism, white shows purity and yellow symbolizes prosperity.
    The stalks of padi in the center of the emblem represent the dream of ASEAN’s Founding Fathers for an ASEAN comprising all the countries in Southeast Asia, bound together in friendship and solidarity. The circle represents the unity of ASEAN.
  • Dialogue partners
    • Dialogue partners: Korea, US, Japan, China, Russia, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, EU (10 countries)
    • Sectoral dialogue partners: Pakistan, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey
    • Non-country dialogue partner: United Nations Development Project (UNDP)
    • Development partners: Germany, Chile, France, Italy
    ※ France and Italy approved as development partners during the 53rd ASEAN Foreign Ministers' Meeting in September 2020.
  • ASEAN Vision 2020
    The 4 long-term visions for the development of ASEAN by 2020 adopted at the 2nd Informal ASEAN Summit in 1997
  • 4 Main Visions
    A Concert of Southeast Asian Nations; a Partnership in Dynamic Development; a Community of Caring Societies; and an Outward-Looking ASEAN
  • ASEAN Community
    • The ASEAN Community (AC) was formally launched on December 31, 2015, comprised of three pillar communities. The three communities include ASEAN Political-Security Community (APSC), ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC).
    • ASEAN Community Vision 2025
      • ASEAN pursues a rules-based, people-oriented, and people-centred ASEAN community
      • This community guarantees the ASEAN people enjoy human rights and fundamental freedoms, higher quality of life and the benefits of community building
      • ASEAN envisions a peaceful, stable and resilient Community, and an outward-looking region within a global community of nations

ASEAN-ROK relations (as of 2019) [Source: MOFA]

  • ASEAN-ROK relations
    • Nov. 1989Establishment of a Sectoral Dialogue Partnership
    • Jul. 1991Elevated to a Full Dialogue Partnership
    • Dec. 1997Held the 1st ASEAN Plus Three Summit and the 1st ASEAN-ROK Summit
    • Nov. 2004Adopted the Joint Declaration on Comprehensive Cooperation Partnership between ASEAN and the ROK; joined the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia
    • Dec. 2005Signed the Framework Agreement of ASEAN-Korea Free Trade Agreement (AKFTA); set the aims for achieving the Joint Declaration on Comprehensive Cooperation Partnership between ASEAN and the ROK
    • Aug. 2006Signed the Trade in Goods Agreement under the AKFTA
    • Nov. 2007Signed the Trade in Services Agreement under the AKFTA
    • Mar. 2009Establishment of the ASEAN-Korea Centre
    • Jun. 2009Held the ASEAN-ROK Commemorative Summit in Jeju in celebration of the 20th Anniversary of the ASEAN-ROK Dialogue Relations; Signed the Investment Agreement under the AKFTA
    • Oct. 2010Adopted the Joint Declaration on the ASEAN-ROK Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity
    • Sep. 2012Established the ROK Mission to ASEAN
    • Dec. 2014Held the ASEAN-ROK Commemorative Summit in Busan in celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the ASEAN-ROK Dialogue Relations
    • May 2017Sent ASEAN envoys to the Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam
    • Sep. 2017Founded the ASEAN Culture House in Busan
    • Nov. 2017Declared the New Southern Policy; Announced the Joint Vision Statement
    • Nov. 2019Held the ASEAN-ROK Commemorative Summit in Busan in celebration of the 30th Anniversary of the ASEAN-ROK Dialogue Relations and the 1st Mekong-ROK Summit in Busan

Political and diplomatic relations

  • Established diplomatic relations with all ten ASEAN member states
    ※ North Korea has also established diplomatic relations with all ten nations
  • Summits and ministerial meetings actively held in commemoration of bilateral visits and multilateral meetings

Trade and human exchanges

  • Trade: USD 153.36 billion (surplus USD 37.4 billion/export USD 95.38 billion, import USD 57.98 billion), the no. 2 trading partner
  • Investment: USD 9.55 billion (no. 2 region for overseas investment)
  • Construction: USD 8 billion (no. 1 construction export market)
  • Visitors: 12.74 million annual visitors to and from Korea and ASEAN
    • Korea → ASEAN: 10.05 million visitors (no.1 travel destination)
    • ASEAN → Korea: 2.69 million
※ Source: Trade (Korea International Trade Association), investment (The Export-Import Bank of Korea), construction (International Contractors Association of Korea), visitors (Korea Tourism Organization)

ASEAN-ROK cooperation funds

  • About USD 120 million of cooperation funds provided from 1990 to 2020
  • Funds increased yearly since 2019 from USD 7 million to USD 14 million
  • ASEAN-ROK cooperative projects conducted upon agreement in the fields of ASEAN-ROK development cooperation, technology transfer, human resources development, culture, and academic exchanges
  • ASEAN-ROK Program Management Team (AKPMT) dedicated to the handling of ASEAN-ROK cooperation funds established in Jakarta, Indonesia, in December 2016

ASEAN-ROK Summit

  • (Dec. 1997) With the invitation of ASEAN during the 2nd Informal ASEAN Summit in celebration of the 30th anniversary of the ASEAN foundation, the leaders of Korea, China, and Japan took part in the 1st ASEAN Plus Three Summit and separate bilateral (ASEAN-plus-one) summits.
  • (Dec. 1998) After the 2nd ASEAN Plus Three Summit, the said summit became a regular summit along with the ASEAN-Korea, ASEAN-Japan, and ASEAN-China summits to discuss common interests

ASEAN-ROK Foreign Ministers’ Meeting

Regularized Post Ministerial Conference (PMC), which the ten ASEAN member states and its ten dialogue partners participated since 1979

Korea hosts an ASEAN-ROK Foreign Ministers' Meeting around July and August every year, in connection with an ASEAN-related summit held at the country holding the ASEAN Chairmanship

AEM-ROK Consultations

During the 7th ASEAN Plus Three Summit in October 2003, it was discussed to hold the AEM-ROK Consultations in line with the ASEAN Economic Ministers' Meeting in 2004

ASEAN-Korea Free Trade Agreement and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership were the main agendas

ASEAN-ROK Dialogue

A deputy ministerial council that examines the cooperation relationship between ASEAN and Korea and discusses ways to promote cooperation in all areas of ASEAN-ROK politics, security, economy, society and culture.

  • After a security dialogue was separately held during the 18th ASEAN-ROK Dialogue in Busan on June 18–20, 2014, the ASEAN-ROK Security Dialogue has been installed as an individual program for the ASEAN-ROK Dialogue until 2018. However, the dialogues will be integrated and conducted via videoconference.
  • The agendas include traditional security issues, such as regional security, as well as non-traditional issues, such as counter-terrorism, food security, energy, and disaster management response
  • Discussion of Korean Peninsula and Southeast Asian affairs and ASEAN-ROK relations

Joint Cooperation Committee (JCC)

Established to discuss ASEAN-ROK cooperation in the fields of politics, economy, culture, environment, and education, held every first half of the year at the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta; committee name changed from Joint Planning and Review Committee (JPRC) in 2014

JCC Working Group: Inspects cooperation projects executed by utilizing ASEAN-ROK cooperation funds granted by Korea

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