FlagThe flag of Negara Brunei Darussalam has been in use since 1906 when Brunei became a British protectorate, following the signing of an agreement between Brunei and Great Britain. The flag has a yellow background cut by black and white diagonal stripes from the top left to the bottom right corners. The colors yellow, white, and black represent the signatories of the agreement, who are the Sultan of Brunei, Pengiran Bendahara and Pengiran Pemancha, respectively. The emblem was superimposed in the center of the flag in 1959, after the promulgation of the Constitution, finalizing the flag that is being used until present.
FlagThe flag and the Royal umbrella placed at the top of the emblem represents the Sultan of Brunei, its national leader. The four feathers on the wings symbolize protection of justice, tranquility, prosperity and peace. On the sides, the upturned hands indicate the government's duty to promote the welfare, peace, and prosperity of the people. The crescent is a symbol of Islam, the state religion of Brunei. The lettering inscribed inside the crescent reads "Always render service with God's guidance.” The banner on the lowest part of the emblem reads the state's name "Negara Brunei Darussalam," literally translated to “Brunei, the Abode of Peace.”